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Summary Magazine 112 year 2021

January, February, March, April 

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April

January

Fire of industrial building in Police nad Metují
On 6th May 2020, a fire of the building of the HAUK Ltd. Company in Police nad Metují, Eastern Bohemia, was reported to the Operational and Information Centre of the Hradec Králové Region Fire Rescue Service. The fire of the industrial building, which at first glance seemed as an unannounced incineration of waste on the company's premises, was eventually recorded in the historical tables of the Hradec Králové Region FRS as the fourth largest fire in last 20 years. The fire completely affected an area of ​​about 5,000 square meters.
P. 14

Measurement of hose line parameters
Cooperation between the Fire Rescue Service of the Central Bohemian Region and the Technical Institute of Fire Protection in testing parameters of hose lines is summarised here. The tests were aimed to obtain values ​​of actual flows and losses in hose lines, and focused on the use of hoses with smaller diameters. The tests were extended to simulate a real intervention in the eleventh floor of a high-rise building, where the actual water supply to the two attack streams was monitored.
P. 20

First wave of COVID-19 pandemic in Europe
Openly speaking, the European Union and its Member States have been hit unprepared by the current COVID-19 pandemic, and at least at the beginning of its spreading in Europe, their response has not been swift and coordinated enough. The reasons are partly understandable and relate to the fact that the Member States have never faced something like this before, and the European Union does not have the powers in this area to enable it to react appropriately.
P. 23

Assessment of protection of significant soft targets and vulnerable structures using behavioural evacuation models
The Department of Civil Protection and Crisis Management of the Ministry of the Interior - General Directorate of the Fire Rescue Service of the Czech Republic, the Brno University of Technology, and the City District of Prague 11 created educational material entitled "Assessment of protection of significant soft targets - vulnerable structures due to an emergency through evacuation or shelter". This material is currently distributed to individual regions through the MI - General Directorate of the FRS CR, as end users are members of regional FRSs, owners or operators of buildings and others.
P. 26

Beginning of the end of nuclear weapons
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), or the Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty, is the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons with the ultimate goal being their total elimination. It was adopted on 7th July 2017 and will enter into force on 22nd January 2021. It is very likely that when the possible third wave of the COVID-19 will end, the boom in the anti-nuclear movement will start, as Joe Biden, the new president of the United States, was very active in nuclear disarmament even as vice president under Barack H. Obama.
P. 30

Fire School of the FRS CR will undergo planned modernization
On Thursday 26th November 2020, by tapping on the foundation stone, another important stage in the history of the School and Training Facility of the Fire Rescue Service of the Czech Republic in Brno was officially launched. The partial reconstruction of the current complex and the construction of a completely new part will create a modern educational complex within two years. The FRS CR will gain adequate capacity for teaching and training not only professional but also volunteer firefighters.
P. 35

February

Non-standard fire of truck crane 
On Thursday 30th July 2020 at 1.06 pm, a truck crane fire in the village of Kozlany, the Vyškov district, was reported on the 112 emergency call number of the South Moravian Region FRS. During the intervention one of the tires exploded, and the pressure wave was so strong that all the windows in the three nearest houses were broken. The fire completely destroyed the crane itself, and heavily damaged the outdoor power lines and roads. The direct damage was 4,840,000 CZK (i.e. 186,000 EUR). 
p. 6


Major changes in the Building Act from perspective of FRS CR
The amendment to the Building Act and the Administrative Procedure Code should speed up the permitting of constructions. What are the main changes from the point of view of the Fire Rescue Service of the Czech Republic? One of the most important is the obligation of the concerned authority to issue an opinion, a binding opinion or a coordinated binding opinion without undue delay no later than 30 days after the submission of a perfect application.                                                   
p. 16

Provided humanitarian aid of the Czech Republic in the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic
In the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, several applications were received through the Emergency Response Coordination Centre (ERCC) of the European Union. The Czech Republic also offered solidarity in support of other requesting states in the form of protective equipment from its sufficient stocks.        
p. 18

Use of training polygons and simulators in border area of ​​the Karlovy Vary Region
One of the advantages of cross-border cooperation between the Fire Rescue Service of the Karlovy Vary Region is the opportunity to complete training on various training polygons and simulators in the border area of ​​the Federal Republic of Germany. During the training, firefighters can get closer to the real intervention and exchange valuable experience with each other, not only in the field of fire protection.   
p. 22

New KFMP-200 combined filter for TATRA TITAN tank-hardened fire engine
In 2019, the MOLPIR GROUP, joint stock company, addressed the Institute of Civil Protection with a request to cooperate in developing and testing a new collective filter for filter-ventilation equipment in the crew cabin of the resilient TATRA TITAN fire engine. The new combined filter protects the crew from the effects of hazardous toxic substances and combustion products.    
p. 26

Professional firefighters in Příbram for fifty years
In 2020, firefighters from the Central Bohemian Region Fire Rescue Service commemorated half a century of operation in the town of Příbram. Fifty years have passed since the opening of the first station of professional firefighters, whose basic mission is to protect the lives and health of the citizens of the Czech Republic from fires and to provide effective assistance in emergencies.      
p. 28

March

Special alarm level was announced during the wood chip fire
On Wednesday 26th August 2020, approximately twenty minutes after 2 pm, the emergency line of the Central Bohemian Region FRS received information about huge flames and smoke coming from the "V Hoděmyšli" agricultural premises in Rožmitál pod Třemšínem near Příbram. The biological self-ignition of wood chips was determined as the cause of fire. The damage was estimated at 10 million CZK (i.e. 385,000 EUR) because the fire destroyed the surrounding buildings and the grain stored in them.
p. 6


Amendment to the Act on the Fire Rescue Service of the Czech Republic
On Thursday 28th January 2021, the bill of the Amendment to the Act on the Fire Rescue Service of the Czech Republic was discussed and approved by the plenary of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic. Subsequently, on Monday 1st February 2021, the bill was signed by the President of the Czech Republic. The amendment obliges, among other things, insurance companies to pay quarterly the amount corresponding to 0.5% of the premium received for the given quarter to the account of the Ministry of the Interior - General Directorate of the Fire and Rescue Service of the Czech Republic. Subsequently, the MI-GD FRS CR will proportionally distribute this amount among the Fire Rescue Services of individual regions.                                                                                                               
p. 10

Severe January frost used to train on the ice
In the second half of January 2021 heavy frosts finally created conditions for practical training of rescuing skaters and other people from under ice. Firefighters in the Moravian-Silesian Region trained on several water areas, esp. where there is a risk of insufficiently strong ice.   
p. 16

Overview of certification in the Technical Institute of Fire Protection in 2020
Certified products according to feedback from clients always have a higher weight compared to similar non-certified ones. It always depends on the legislative requirements and especially on the applicant's approach to certification / conformity assessment. On the positive side, in most cases, the manufacturer / importer or distributor wants to be sure that the product is not only functional but also safe, and at the same time it complies with the requirements of technical standards and legislation. In 2020, only 35 certificates and 2 acknowledgments were issued.    
p. 18

Emergencies in the world
The beginning of 2021 brought further emergencies and crises, which required the assistance of the European Commission's Directorate-General for Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid. Mainly, the earthquake in Indonesia, the migration crisis in Sudan, and the food shortages in Madagascar and Zimbabwe. The resolution of all these emergencies and crises is complicated by the long-running global COVID-19 pandemic.                                                                                                             
p. 28

April

Finance as a blood of economy
A good economy is a basic premise for the proper functioning of any organization. And finance is the blood of the economy. Brig-Gen Slavomír Bell, MSc. MBA, who has been the Deputy General Director of the FRS CR for Economy since 2012, emphasises mainly effectiveness of their use within the Fire Rescue Service of the Czech Republic. We asked him few questions.
P. 6
 

Rescue of drivers after a traffic accident on D1 motorway
A traffic accident of several vehicles, including trucks, on the D1 near the Rohlenka motorway station, was announced to the 112 emergency line of the South Moravian Region FRS on Monday 21st September 2020 at 11:38 a.m. As specified later, the accident happened at the 210th kilometre of the D1 motorway in the direction from Vyškov to Brno, and one person was found wedged in a truck. A large number of accidents are solved in the sections of motorways within the South Moravian Region every year. In recent years, the number of complicated extrications and rescuing people after truck accidents increase, especially on motorways.
P. 14


Institute of Population Protection trains African rescuers even during a pandemic
The training of foreign specialists in the field of protection against the effects of chemical substances forms a traditional pillar of the training events of the Institute of the Population Protection in Lázně Bohdaneč. These activities are mostly organized under the auspices of the UN-OPCW, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, with which the institute has been cooperating since 1999. Although the COVID-19 pandemic stopped travel between continents in March 2020, thus cancelling all face-to-face trainings, a record number of international experts were trained through online courses last year.
P. 30
 

The difference between a face mask and a respirator or What is respiratory protection?
The article entitled "Not a respirator like a respirator" was published in the No. 11/2020 of the 112 Magazine, and the authors tried to bring the issue of respirators closer to the general public or to draw attention to some marketing practices. At the same time, the verification procedures according to the American standard (so-called Fit Factor) with certification testing of respirators according to the European standard were presented. Finally, they quoted from the website of the Research Institute of Occupational Safety, VÚBP, on testing of imported respirators.
Therefore, on behalf of VÚBP, as the Notified Body No. 1024 for assessing conformity with the requirements, for example also for respirators, the author makes few additional observations to the published article. All the more so that the subject of our common interest is the appropriate protection of members of the FRS CR.
P. 26

2020 Senior Academy in Liberec at a distance
The Fire Rescue Service of the Liberec Region regularly cooperates with a number of organizations associating senior citizens. Education of seniors through the Senior Academy is one of the most popular events, organized by the city of Liberec through the KONTAKT Liberec Community Centre, where the FRS of the Liberec Region has participated since 2014. Last year, of course, untraditionally at a distance.
P. 34

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