Crisis management under conditions of safety policy of the Czech Republic is considered as a complex of procedures and provisions managing actions of relevant bodies of public administration and of other relevant authorities, to overcome unfavourable evolvement in society. At the same time it is discerned whether there are situations connected with providing of defence of the Czech Republic against external attack (external safety) or there are situations unconnected with this (internal safety).
Crisis management elements are codified in the Law No. 240/2000 on crisis management and on modification of certain codes (Crisis Code), in latter wording. Based on this law, state of danger can be proclaimed to overcome unfavourable trends of development.
Applied with other laws, this allows proclaiming even state of emergency, state of country jeopardy or belligerency. Crisis management is considered not only as a configuration of tasks for preparedness to crisis situations and for their solution, but also as complex of activities for prevention of unfavourable trends and for recovery of vital infrastructure in disaster area.
Crisis preparedness is provided by different means - organisational (creating of organisational structures, emergency planning, crisis planning), technical (system facilities – equipment etc.), and special abilities (training and education).
Solution of crisis situation is connected with providing rescue and clean-up operations, implementation of measures for population protection in disaster, emergency survival, measures to ensure functional public administration etc.
Prevention of crisis situations is mainly applied to protect critical infrastructure. All production systems, non-production systems, and services which - when disorganised – could have serious impact to the state safety, economy, state administration, to providing all necessaries of life to citizens, or to fulfilling of international obligations, are considered as critical infrastructure.